The Benefits and Effects of Medical Cannabis on the Body

  1. Types of medical cannabis
  2. CBD vs THC
  3. Different benefits and effects on the body

Medical cannabis has been a hot topic in the medical world, with many people curious about its benefits and effects on the body. From treating chronic pain to improving mental health, there are numerous potential benefits that have made medical cannabis a popular alternative medicine. In this article, we will delve into the different benefits and effects of medical cannabis on the body, specifically focusing on its various forms such as CBD and THC. Whether you are new to the world of medical cannabis or looking for more information, this article will provide you with a comprehensive understanding of its uses and how it can potentially improve your overall well-being.

So, let's dive into the world of medical cannabis and explore its potential benefits and effects on the body. In this article, we will explore the different types of medical cannabis, specifically focusing on CBD and THC. With the growing popularity of medical cannabis in the UK, it's important to understand the potential benefits and effects that this plant can have on the body. Cannabis is a complex plant that contains over 100 different compounds known as cannabinoids. Two of the most well-known and studied cannabinoids are CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). While both compounds have potential therapeutic effects, they work in different ways in the body. CBD is a non-psychoactive compound, meaning it does not produce the “high” associated with marijuana use.

It works by interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for regulating various bodily functions such as sleep, mood, appetite, and pain sensation. Studies have shown that CBD may have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-anxiety properties. On the other hand, THC is a psychoactive compound that produces the “high” commonly associated with marijuana use. It binds to receptors in the brain and central nervous system, resulting in various effects such as euphoria, relaxation, and altered perception of time and space. Along with its recreational use, THC has also shown potential as a pain reliever and appetite stimulant. Now let's take a closer look at some of the potential benefits and effects of these compounds on specific medical conditions.

Chronic Pain

One of the most common reasons people seek medical cannabis treatment is for chronic pain management.

Both CBD and THC have shown promise in reducing pain and inflammation in conditions such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and fibromyalgia. A 2018 review of studies found that CBD may help with chronic pain by inhibiting the body's inflammatory response and interacting with neurotransmitters in the brain. On the other hand, THC has been shown to activate the body's natural pain-relieving system and may be more effective in treating neuropathic pain.

Anxiety and Depression

CBD has gained attention for its potential as an anti-anxiety and antidepressant treatment. Studies have shown that CBD may interact with serotonin receptors, which play a role in regulating mood and anxiety levels. It may also increase levels of anandamide, a neurotransmitter that promotes feelings of happiness and well-being. THC, on the other hand, may have mixed effects on anxiety and depression.

While low doses have been shown to reduce anxiety and improve mood, high doses may have the opposite effect and worsen symptoms.


In recent years, CBD has gained recognition for its potential in treating rare forms of epilepsy, such as Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. In fact, the FDA has approved a CBD-based medication for these conditions. Studies have shown that CBD may reduce the frequency and severity of seizures by interacting with receptors in the brain that regulate electrical activity. However, more research is needed to fully understand the effects of CBD on epilepsy. It's important to note that while medical cannabis shows potential in treating various conditions, it should always be discussed with a healthcare professional and is not a substitute for traditional medical treatments. In conclusion, CBD and THC are two of the most well-known compounds found in medical cannabis. While they both have potential therapeutic effects, they work in different ways in the body.

From chronic pain to epilepsy, these compounds have shown promise in treating various conditions. However, more research is needed to fully understand their effects and potential side effects. If you are considering using medical cannabis, it's important to seek guidance from a healthcare professional to ensure safe and proper use.

Side Effects and Risks

While medical cannabis has many potential benefits, it's important to also consider the potential side effects and risks. These can include dizziness, dry mouth, changes in appetite, and interactions with other medications.

It's important to discuss any potential risks with a healthcare professional before starting treatment with medical cannabis.

Legality and Obtaining a Prescription

In the UK, medical cannabis is legal with a prescription from a specialist doctor. This means that not all healthcare professionals are able to prescribe it, and it is typically reserved for more severe conditions. If you believe that medical cannabis could benefit you, speak with your doctor to see if it is a viable treatment option. They can then refer you to a specialist if necessary.

CBD vs THC: Understanding the Differences

To begin, let's clarify the difference between CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). Both are compounds found in the cannabis plant, but they have distinct effects on the body.

CBD is known for its therapeutic properties, such as reducing inflammation and pain, while THC is responsible for the psychoactive effects often associated with marijuana. Depending on your specific condition, one compound may be more beneficial than the other.

Benefits of Medical Cannabis

Now let's explore some of the potential benefits that medical cannabis can have on various medical conditions. For chronic pain, CBD has been shown to provide relief by interacting with receptors in the body's endocannabinoid system. This same system has also been linked to helping with anxiety and mood disorders, making medical cannabis a potential treatment option for these conditions as well.

Additionally, some studies have shown that CBD may have anti-seizure properties, making it a potential treatment for epilepsy. In conclusion, medical cannabis has the potential to provide relief for various medical conditions, including chronic pain, anxiety, and epilepsy. However, it's important to consult with a healthcare professional before starting treatment and to understand the potential risks and side effects. With more research being conducted on the benefits of medical cannabis, we can hope to see its use become more widespread in the UK.

Elanor Burr
Elanor Burr

Eleanor Burr, a writer and freelance journalist, has become a significant voice in the UK's literary scene. Her work, often centred around the themes of freedom, identity, and the societal impacts of cannabis, resonates deeply with a broad readership. Eleanor's journey began in the serene landscapes of Wales, where her love for storytelling was nurtured amidst the rolling hills and historic castles. After moving to London to pursue her passion, she quickly made her mark with a series of compelling feature articles and short stories that blend her advocacy for cannabis with a sharp, insightful critique of contemporary British culture. Eleanor's writing is celebrated for its eloquence, wit, and the ability to provoke thought and conversation about the nuances of everyday life.